You currently have JavaScript disabled on this browser/device. JavaScript must be enabled in order for this website to function properly.

# ZingPath: Basic Perimeter and Area Calculations

## The Relationship Between Perimeter and Area               Searching for

## Basic Perimeter and Area Calculations

Learn in a way your textbook can't show you.
Explore the full path to learning Basic Perimeter and Area Calculations

### Lesson Focus

#### The Relationship Between Perimeter and Area

Geometry

The smallest or largest possible perimeter given a fixed area or perimeter to solve a variety of problems is determined.

### Now You Know

After completing this tutorial, you will be able to complete the following:

• Distinguish between perimeter and area.
• Determine the largest or smallest perimeter, given the area.
• Determine the largest or smallest area, given the perimeter.

### Everything You'll Have Covered

Area

Area is the measurement of interior space of a two-dimensional shape, or the surface of three-dimensional figure; it is the amount of surface a shape covers. Area is measured in square units. The area of the rectangle can be calculated using the following formula: A = l � w, where l represents the length and w represents the width. For the shape above, the length equals 4 units and the width equals 3 units. A = l � w

A = 4 � 3 = 12 square units

Perimeter

Perimeter is the length of the boundary of the shape. It can be calculated adding the measurements of each side. For a rectangle, it can be calculated using the following formula: P = l + w + l + w, or P = 2l + 2w. For the shape above, the length equals 4 units and the width equals 3 units.P = 4 + 3 + 4 + 3 P = (2 � 4) + (2 � 3) = 14 units

Area and perimeter of irregular shapes

If irregular shapes are drawn on grid paper, as in the Activity Object, you can use the grid to help you calculate the area and perimeter.

• For area, simply count all the unit squares that make up the shape: There are 12 unit squares that make up this shape, so the area equals 12 square units.
• For perimeter, count the sides of each unite square that makes up the shape: There are 24 units that make up the perimeter of shape. Therefore, the perimeter equals 24 units.

### Tutorial Details

 Approximate Time 25 Minutes Pre-requisite Concepts Students should know the definitions of area and perimeter. Course Geometry Type of Tutorial Skills Application Key Vocabulary area, perimeter, shape