You will learn and apply the Euclidean inner product of vectors and its properties.
After completing this tutorial, you will be able to complete the following:
Recall that vectors are quantities consisting of direction and magnitude. They are represented in the plane by directed line segments, and written algebraically using Cartesian coordinates.
The Euclidean inner product is an operation on two vectors that returns a scalar. It is a very deep concept with many applications in physics. For example, if a force is applied upon an object in the same direction the object moves, then the work required to move the object is the product of the force and the distance the object moves. However, if the force and displacement have different directions, work is the Euclidean inner product of the two. In addition, the Euclidean inner product can be useful for solving geometric problems. If we know the length of the kite and the angle the kite is making with the ground in the picture below, we can find the length of its shadow using the Euclidean inner product.
Some important properties of the Euclidean inner product follow. Proofs for these properties are given in the Activity Object using both the algebraic formula and the geometric definition for Euclidean inner product.
|Approximate Time||20 Minutes|
|Pre-requisite Concepts||Students should know the definitions of vector and the direction of a vector, and be able to write the components of a vector on the coordinate plane.|
|Type of Tutorial||Concept Development|
|Key Vocabulary||bilinear property, Euclidean inner product of vectors, positive definite property|